Throughout many of the articles on this page we have attempted to explain what an essay is, what types of essays exist, the parts of which an essay consists (introduction, development or argumentation and conclusion) and what each essay consists of One of those parts. However, your day-to-day questions are always directed to ask for help writing a particular essay, so I have concluded that I have missed a key article: this one on how to make a good essay step by step. An article in which I will not talk about the formal aspects of it, but of the whole process in general to get to write a well-documented, coherent and very personal essay.
Step 1: Choose a specific topic
It is true that this first step sometimes does not depend exclusively on ourselves, but the subject of the essay is already given by the teacher. However, we are free to choose the approach we want to give. The essays that are made as school work are usually short, one or two sheets in length usually. Trying to cover a topic that is too long will eventually make us not give anything away, but taking an aspect of it can help us do a very interesting and original work.
For example, let us imagine that we are asked to conduct a two-part essay on “Equal Rights of Men and Women Today”. The topic is interesting but certainly very extensive since we can talk about equality in the labor field, in the family field, the evolution from the generation of our parents to ours and an endless number of approaches. Trying to touch each and every one of them will make our work very superficial, so you can start the essay by talking about the different aspects that this topic can pose and expose them very briefly, so that you can choose one of them and defend yourself That given the lack of space you will focus on that aspect of the subject to be able to treat it in a broader way. In this way you will make a much more personal essay with a more interesting content but without missing the topic that you have been asked to play.
Step two: Documenting, a process simpler than it seems
The next step in order to perform a good essay is to document well on the subject that we are going to discuss in it. This documentation can be obtained through traditional methods, going to a library and consulting books or we can do it through the Internet. Internet is a great well of information, but also of misinformation and to make our references are optimal we must carry out a series of guidelines:
1) Sources of information must be reliable = Anyone can have a blog and nobody is going to ask him to prove his knowledge. The particular blogs are therefore a source of information that must be put in question, unless we know them previously or know that it has a recognized prestige. This does not mean that all blogs or pages that do not have an endorsement are false, we simply do not know it and therefore we must read them in a critical way.
2) Go to sources specialized in the subject = If we want to carry out an essay on a topic of economics, it is best to go to work done by economists or in magazines (physical or online) specialized in that field. A good source of information is the doctoral theses that are often published in the network in the pages of the universities, since they are usually very worked and contrasted.
3) Never stay with a single point of view = Consulting at least three different sources will help us to verify that the information we handle is truthful. If the data we encounter conflict, we must investigate further to be sure that what we state in our essay is true. It may also be that there is no single position since there are issues on which opinions are cast, not absolute truths. Knowing different points of view and reflecting them in our writing will greatly enrich the essay.